It is described as hypoallergenic, absorbent, fast-drying and naturally anti-bacterial and comes from a very fast-growing plant. Natural Living for Women.
1. Organic Textile Company – Fabric from Organic Cotton
Burnished by a grant from the US. Environmental Protection Agency , associate professor,Young-A Lee and her team are growing vats of gel-like film composed of cellulose fiber, a byproduct of the same symbiotic colonies of bacteria and yeast abbreviated SCOBY found in another of the world's popular "live culture" foods: Once harvested and dried, the resulting material has a look and feel much like leather.
However, this material takes a long time to grow about three to four weeks under lab-controlled conditions. Hence mass production is an issue. In addition, tests revealed that moisture absorption from the air softens this material makes it less durable. Researchers also discovered that cold conditions make it brittle. Qmilch GmbH, a German company has innovated a process to produce a textile fiber from casein in milk but it cannot be used for consumption.
Qmilk fiber is biodegradable and leaves no traces. In addition, it is naturally antibacterial, especially against the bacterial strains, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is ideal for people that suffer from textile allergies. Fabrics made from Qmilk fiber provide high wearing comfort and a silky feel. Café technology involves recycling used ground coffee beans into yarns.
A piece of S. Café fabric is made with less energy in the process and is able to mask body odour. Café coffee grounds come with numerous microscopic pores, which create a long-lasting natural and chemical free shield for yarn or fiber, reflecting UV rays and provide a comfortable outdoor experience.
In addition to promoting a sounder environment by producing newer clothing made with sustainable, innovative materials, clothing can also be donated to charities, sold into consignment shops, or recycled into other materials. These methods reduce the amount of landfill space occupied by discarded clothes. In , approximately 8. People can opt to donate clothing to charities. In the UK, a charity is a non-profit organization that is given special tax form and distinct legal status.
Generally, charitable organizations often sell donated clothing rather than directly giving the clothing away. An Evangelical Christian-based non-profit organization founded in , United Kingdom. Originally started as an urban outreach .
A non-profit organization originally named Charity Organization Society, established , United States. Currently a coalition of charitable organizations. A non-profit organization founded in , United Kingdom. Formerly Oxfam Committee for Famine Relief. There are "charities" that are actually for-profit organizations.
These organizations are often multibillion-dollar firms that keep profits accrued from selling donated clothing. These drop-off boxes look similar to their non-profit counterparts, which mislead the public into donating their clothes to them.
Both the consignor and the consignee receive portions of the profit made from the item. However, the consignor will not be paid until the items are sold. Therefore, unlike donating clothing to charities, people who consign their clothes to shops can make profit.
Clothing swapping can further promote the reduction, reuse, and recycling of clothing. By reusing clothing that's already been made and recycling clothing from one owner to another, source reduction can be achieved. This moves away from usage of new raw materials to make more clothing available for consumption.
Through the method of clothing swapping,an alternative resource for consumers to ultimately save in regards to money and time is provided. It reduces transportation emissions, costs, and the time it takes to drive and search through the chaos of most clothing stores.
Swapping clothes further promotes the use of sustainable online shopping and the internet as well as an increase of social bonds through online communication or effective personal communication in "clothing swap parties". The EPA states, that by reusing items, at the source waste can be diverted from ending up in landfills because it delays or avoids that item's entry in the waste collection and disposal system.
This production method is considered a sustainable practice due to its reduction in waste and labor. By only using the necessary materials, the producers will be more efficient in their manufacturing process. This production method is similar to seamless knitting, although traditional seamless knitting requires stitching to complete the garment while 3D seamless knitting creates the entire garment, eliminating additional work. The garments are designed using 3D software unlike traditional flat patterns.
Shima Seiki and Stoll are currently the two primary manufacturers of the technology. The technology is produced through the use of solar energy and they are selling to brands like Max Mara. Zero-waste design is a concept that, although has been prevalent for many years, is increasingly being integrated into production. Zero-waste design is can be used through multiple industries but is very applicable in developing patterns for garments.
The concept of zero-waste pattern making is designing the pattern for a garment so that when the textile is cut, there is no extra fabric going to waste.
This means the pattern pieces for a garment fit together like puzzle pieces in order to use the entire amount of fabric provided, creating no waste in this step of production. Different names for this process are Drydye and Colordry. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bamboo textiles and Bamboo fibre. Synthetic fiber and Plastic clothing.
Global trade of secondhand clothing. Total MSW Generation by category, , million tons before recycling. Retrieved 7 December University of San Diego. ACT is a professional trade group consisting primarily of companies that design, develop, produce and promote textiles for commercial interiors united for support, strength, credibility and common interests. American National Standards Institute. BCF bioconcentration factor — A measure of the tendency for a chemical to accumulate.
This breaking down of the biological material requires oxygen; therefore, by measuring the amount of oxygen that is depleted from the sample as a result of such bacterial action, the balance within the aquatic environment can be measured.
The BOD is a standard test, which takes five days to run, and is performed by introducing a population of bacteria and microorganisms to attempt to duplicate what would happen in a natural stream.
The most commonly used method to estimate the total quantity of biodegradable organic material in wastewater. C2C Cradle to Cradle — A term used in life-cycle analysis to describe a material or product that is recycled into a new product at the end of its defined life. Clean Air Act — The federal statute that regulates air emissions from area, stationary and mobile sources.
This law authorizes the U. Chemical Abstract Service number — A number uniquely identifying each pure chemical compound. CEQ reports annually to the President on the state of the environment; oversees federal agency implementation of the environmental impact assessment process; and acts as a referee when agencies disagree over the adequacy of such assessments. Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act — A federal statute that created the Superfund program and established a trust fund for the cleanup of abandoned and uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.
CFCs are very stable in the troposphere. CFCs are commonly used as refrigerants, solvents and foam-blowing agents; uses of CFCs in aerosols are prohibited due to ozone depleting potential.
Chemical Oxygen Demand — When a body of wastewater contains too much biological material, the bacteria and other microorganisms in it cannot successfully decompose all the organic matter for food, growth and energy. Chemical Oxygen Demand COD is a test that adds a strong chemical oxidizing agent to the wastewater sample in order to estimate the result of bacterial action.
Although it is completely artificial, it is considered to yield a result that may be used as the basis on which to calculate a reasonably accurate and reproducible estimate of the oxygen-demanding properties of a wastewater.
Both of these are standard tests for estimating the health of an aquatic environment. Clearance Time — The CT indicates the time needed to eliminate or biodegrade a substance to a certain percentage in an organism.
DOP Dioctyl Phthalate — The most widely used plasticisers, primarily to make soft and flexible PVC for applications in the automotive, construction, textile, and medical industries. Can cause birth defects and cancer, based on animal test data. Effect Concentration 50 — The median exposure concentration EC50 is the median concentration of a substance that causes some effect in 50 percent of the test animals.
Extremely Hazardous Substance — Any one of over hazardous chemicals on a list compiled by the EPA to provide a focus for state and local emergency planning. Environmental Impact Statement — Federal laws and regulations including NEPA, the National Environmental Policy Act of require the federal government to evaluate effects of its actions on the environment and to consider alternative courses of action. An EIS is the required document that describes the positive and negative impacts on the environment as a result of a proposed action, impacts of alternatives and ways to mitigate the impacts.
Environmental Management System — An industry-developed and driven management structure that prioritizes compliance with environmental policy objectives and targets effective implementation of environmentally-focused procedures; a key feature of an EMS is the preparation of documented systems, procedures and instructions to ensure effective communication and continuity of such implementation.
ISO specifies the actual requirements for an EMS standard and is the most widely recognized system of this type. Environmental Protection Agency — The U. The Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency applies Cradle to Cradle methodology to design of new processes, products and services. Headquarters are located in Hamburg, Germany. European Eco-Label — A labeling system using a flower symbol to designate products that have been checked by independent bodies and certified compliant with strict ecological and performance criteria.
Outgoing thermal radiation absorbed by these gases heats the atmosphere. The atmosphere then emits thermal radiation both outward into space and downward to Earth, further warming the surface.
Global Reporting Initiative — The Global Reporting Initiative GRI is a multi-stakeholder process and independent institution whose mission is to develop and disseminate globally applicable Sustainability Reporting Guidelines. Global Warming Potential — A scale used to relate a compound to the CO2 equivalents to measure the potential heating effects on the atmosphere. HAP Hazardous Air Pollutant — Those pollutants that cause or may cause cancer, other serious health effects such as reproductive effects or birth defects or adverse environmental and ecological effects.
The EPA is required to control HAPs including dioxin; asbestos; toluene; metals such as cadmium, mercury, chromium and lead; benzene, which is found in gasoline; perchlorethlyene, which is emitted from some dry cleaning facilities; and methylene chloride, which is used as a solvent and paint stripper by a number of industries.
Also known as toxic air pollutants. Hydrochlorofluorocarbon — A compound that consists of hydrogen, chlorine, fluorine and carbon. They contain chlorine and thus deplete stratospheric ozone, but to a much lesser extent than CFCs. Production of HCFCs are currently being phased out of production. Hydrofluorocarbon — A compound that consist of hydrogen, fluorine and carbon. Because they do not contain chlorine or bromine, they do not deplete the ozone layer.
ISO International Standards Organization — A non-governmental organization located in Geneva, Switzerland, chartered to develop voluntary technical standards that aim to make the development, manufacture and supply of goods and services safer, cleaner and more efficient.
International Standards Organization — A group of ISO standards and guidelines that relate to quality management systems. Currently includes three quality standards: All of these are process standards, not product standards. This value allows comparison of the relative toxicity of different materials. Lethal Dose 50 — The median lethal dose LD50 is the statistically derived median dose of a substance that can be expected to cause death in 50 percent of the test animals. More than 43, people have earned the credential since the Professional Accreditation program was launched in The Clean Air Act established two types of national air quality standards: The EPA sets and monitors the levels for these standards.
National Environmental Policy Act — An act that requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions. To meet this requirement, federal agencies prepare a detailed statement known as an Environmental Impact Statement EIS. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and underground sources of drinking water.
NSF International — NSF International is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides standards development, product certification, auditing, education and risk management for public health and the environment.
More sustainable fabrics While there are serious environmental impacts associated with many fabrics there are some whose impact is much less. Organic cotton: Wear Organic is a project s a campaign run by the Pesticide Action Network UK (PAN UK). Sustainable clothing refers to fabrics derived from eco-friendly resources, such as sustainably grown fiber crops or recycled materials. It also refers to how these fabrics are made. It also refers to how these fabrics are made. For us at Camira, our vision is to be the natural choice for fabric solutions worldwide. Find out the information on our sustainable fabrics.